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Processing method of PET plastic bottle packaging container

Update:28 Apr
1.Treatment of plastics

Because PET macromolecules contain lipid groups and have a certain degree of hydrophilicity, the pellets are sensitive to water at high temperatures. When the water content exceeds the limit, the molecular weight of PET decreases during processing, and the products become colored and brittle. Due to this, the material must be dried before processing. The drying temperature is 150°C for more than 4 hours, generally 170°C for 3-4 hours. The air shot method can be used to check whether the material is completely dry.

2. Selection of injection molding machine

Because PET has a short stable time after melting point and high melting point, it is necessary to choose an injection system with more temperature control sections and less self-friction heat generation during plasticization, and the actual weight of the product should not be less than 2/3 of the injection volume of the machine. , the clamping force is selected according to more than 6300t/m2.

3. Mold and gate design

PET preforms are generally formed by hot runner molds. It is better to have a heat insulation board between the mold and the injection molding machine template, and its thickness is about 12mm, and the heat insulation board must be able to withstand high pressure. The exhaust must be sufficient to avoid local overheating or fragmentation, but the depth of the exhaust port should generally not exceed 0.03mm, otherwise it is easy to produce flash.

4. Melt temperature

Can be measured by air-shot method. 270-295℃, the enhanced GF-PET can be set to 290-315℃, etc.

5. Injection speed

Generally, the injection speed should be fast, which can prevent premature solidification during injection. But too fast, the high shear rate makes the material brittle. Shots are usually completed within 4 seconds.

6. Back pressure

The lower the better, so as not to wear out. Generally not more than 100bar. Usually not needed.

7. Residence time

Do not use excessive residence times to prevent molecular weight loss. Try to avoid temperatures above 300°C. If the downtime is less than 15 minutes. Only air-shot treatment is required; if it exceeds 15 minutes, it should be cleaned with viscosity PE, and the temperature of the barrel should be lowered to PE temperature until it is turned on again.

8. Matters needing attention

If the mold temperature control is not good or the material temperature is not properly controlled, it is easy to produce "white fog" and opacity. The mold temperature is low and uniform, the cooling speed is fast, and the product is transparent with less crystallization.

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